Top > Search of International Patents > Method of forming planar lipid double membrane for membrane protein analysis and apparatus therefor

Method of forming planar lipid double membrane for membrane protein analysis and apparatus therefor

Foreign code F110005793
File No. Y0428WO
Posted date Sep 20, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 58633105
Gazette No. 20070161101
Gazette No. 8039247
Date of filing Jan 19, 2005
Gazette Date Jul 12, 2007
Gazette Date Oct 18, 2011
International application number JP2005000558
International publication number WO2005071405
Date of international filing Jan 19, 2005
Date of international publication Aug 4, 2005
Priority data
  • P2004-012995 (Jan 21, 2004) JP
  • 2005JP00558 (Jan 19, 2005) WO
Title Method of forming planar lipid double membrane for membrane protein analysis and apparatus therefor
Abstract (US8039247)
To provide a method of forming a planar lipid-bilayer membrane for membrane protein analysis, by which downsizing, simplifying, and multichanneling of a device therefore are achieved.
A planar lipid-bilayer membrane 24 is formed by filling a microchannel 12 with a buffer solution 18, the microchannel 12 disposed under a horizontal partition wall 13 having an aperture 14; applying a small amount of a lipid solution 20 as a droplet on the aperture 14 filled with the buffer solution 18 to thereby form a thin layer 21 of the lipid solution in a chamber, the chamber 17 being formed at a position corresponding to the aperture 14 and provided with a liquid trap 15 inside the chamber; and applying a buffer solution 23 as a droplet to the chamber 17 from the upper side of the chamber.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A method of forming a planar lipid-bilayer membrane for membrane protein analysis, the method comprising: (a) filling a microchannel with a first buffer solution, the microchannel being disposed under a horizontal partition wall having a tapered aperture, such that the tapered aperture narrows from the lower side to the upper side;
(b) applying a small amount of a lipid solution as a droplet to the aperture filled with the buffer solution to form a thin layer of the lipid solution in a chamber, the chamber being formed at a position corresponding to the aperture of the partition wall and being provided with a liquid trap on the partition wall inside the chamber, wherein the liquid trap is a trench formed at the periphery of the aperture that thins the lipid solution added above the aperture; and
(c) applying a second buffer solution as a droplet to the chamber from the upper side of the chamber, thereby forming a planar lipid-bilayer membrane,
wherein the first buffer solution and the second buffer solution are the same or different, and
wherein the lipid solution comprises unarranged phospholipids, each of which having a hydrophilic group and a hydrophobic group, and which form the planar lipid bilayer upon the applying of the second buffer solution in (c).
[claim2]
2. The method of claim 1, wherein a thickness of the thin layer of the lipid solution is controlled.
[claim3]
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the buffer solution comprises a liposome, which is a spherical vesicle of a lipid-bilayer membrane, incorporated with an objective membrane protein, and the liposome is fused with the planar lipid-bilayer membrane to incorporate the membrane protein into the planar lipid-bilayer membrane.
[claim4]
4. The method of claim 1, wherein a plurality of the chambers are integrally formed.
[claim5]
5. The method of claim 4, wherein the plurality of the chambers are formed in an array.
[claim6]
6. The method of claim 4, wherein liposomes each comprising a different protein are each applied to a different chamber, and different kinds of proteins are simultaneously measured.
[claim7]
7. The method of claim 4, wherein a reaction and/or binding of different kinds of reagents or different kinds of proteins in each of the chambers is simultaneously measured.
[claim8]
8. The method of claim 4, wherein a temperature of each chamber is independently controlled, liposomes each comprising a different protein are each applied to a different chamber, and the proteins different in temperature are simultaneously measured.
[claim9]
9. A device for forming a planar lipid-bilayer membrane for membrane protein analysis, the device comprising: (a) a substrate;
(b) a partition wall disposed over the substrate so as to be parallel to the substrate;
(c) a microchannel defined by the substrate and the partition wall;
(d) a chamber provided with an aperture formed in the partition wall and a liquid trap, which is a trench formed at the periphery of the aperture that thins the lipid solution added above the aperture; and
(e) a microinjection device for applying droplets of a lipid solution and a buffer solution to the chamber from the upper side of the chamber,
wherein the aperture is tapered, such that the diameter of the aperture narrows from the lower side toward the upper side.
[claim10]
10. The device according to claim 9, further comprising a first thin-film electrode disposed on the substrate at a position corresponding to the chamber and a second thin-film electrode disposed near the liquid trap.
[claim11]
11. The device according to claim 9, wherein the partition wall has a channel connected to the liquid trap for controlling the thickness of a layer of the lipid solution.
[claim12]
12. The device according to claim 9, wherein a plurality of chambers are integrally formed.
[claim13]
13. The device according to claim 12, wherein the plurality of the chambers are formed in an array.
[claim14]
14. The device according to claim 12, wherein the microinjection device further comprises a cover for positioning the microinjection device relative to each chamber.
[claim15]
15. The device according to claim 12, further comprising a means for applying liposomes, each comprising a different protein, to the respective chambers and simultaneously measuring the different kinds of proteins.
[claim16]
16. The device according to claim 12, further comprising a means for independently controlling the temperature of each chamber in an array, applying liposomes, each comprising a different protein, to the respective chamber, and simultaneously measuring the proteins different in temperature.
[claim17]
17. The device according to claim 9, wherein the partition wall is formed of a silicon substrate and the aperture is formed by etching the silicon substrate.
[claim18]
18. The device to claim 10, further comprising a means for measuring a property of the membrane protein by applying a voltage between the first thin-film electrode and the second thin-film electrode.
[claim19]
19. The method of claim 1, wherein the lipid solution comprises no arranged phospholipids in the form of a liposome or lipid bilayer.
[claim20]
20. The method of claim 1, wherein the second buffer solution is different from the first buffer solution.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • TAKEUCHI SHOJI
  • SUZUKI HIROAKI
  • NOJI HIROYUKI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Please contact us by E-mail or facsimile if you have any interests on this patent.

PAGE TOP

close
close
close
close
close
close