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Three-dimensional display

Foreign code F110005794
File No. Y0464WO
Posted date Sep 20, 2011
Country United States of America
Application number 59403205
Gazette No. 20070188517
Gazette No. 7969463
Date of filing Mar 24, 2005
Gazette Date Aug 16, 2007
Gazette Date Jun 28, 2011
International application number JP2005005369
International publication number WO2005093494
Date of international filing Mar 24, 2005
Date of international publication Oct 6, 2005
Priority data
  • P2004-092075 (Mar 26, 2004) JP
  • P2004-355172 (Dec 8, 2004) JP
  • 2005WO-JP05369 (Mar 24, 2005) WO
Title Three-dimensional display
Abstract (US7969463)
An object of the present invention is to eliminate color non-uniformity and intensity non-uniformity on a three-dimensional image.
The present invention provides a three-dimensional display comprising: a two-dimensional display, which comprises a plurality of color subpixels arranged in rows extending in a horizontal direction and in columns extending in a vertical direction which is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal direction, the color subpixels of red, green and blue being arranged periodically in the rows and the color subpixels of the same color being arranged in the columns; and a lenticular sheet provided on the two-dimensional display and having a plurality of cylindrical lenses through which the color subpixels are viewed and which extend in parallel with one another, the central axis of each cylindrical lens being inclined at an angle of θ to the column of the two-dimensional display, wherein, when a pitch of the color subpixels in the horizontal direction is px, a pitch of the color subpixels in the vertical direction is py, and a color subpixel group constituting one three-dimensional pixel is constituted by 3M×N number of color subpixels where 3M is the number of color subpixels in each row of one of the cylindrical lenses and N is the number of color subpixels in each column of one of the cylindrical lenses, a relationship, θ=tan-1(3px/NPy), is satisfied.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A three-dimensional display comprising: a two-dimensional display, which comprises a plurality of color subpixels arranged in rows extending in a horizontal direction and in columns extending in a vertical direction which is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal direction, the color subpixels of red, green and blue being arranged periodically in the rows, and the color subpixels of the same color being arranged in the columns; and
a lenticular sheet provided on the two-dimensional display and having a plurality of cylindrical lenses through which the color subpixels are viewed and which are arranged in parallel with one another, the central axis of each cylindrical lens being inclined at an angle of theta to the column of the two-dimensional display,
wherein, when a pitch of the color subpixels in the horizontal direction is px, a pitch of the color subpixels in the vertical direction is py, and a color subpixel group constituting one three-dimensional pixel includes 3M * N number of color subpixels where 3M is the number of color subpixels in each row corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses and N is the number of color subpixels in each column corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses, a relationship, theta =tan-1(3px/NPy), is satisfied.
[claim2]
2. The three-dimensional display according to claim 1, wherein the two-dimensional display that has color subpixels is selected from the group consisting of a liquid crystal display, an organic EL display, and a plasma display.
[claim3]
3. The three-dimensional display according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the N is the multiples of 3.
[claim4]
4. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein, in a construction of the three-dimensional pixel, Npy <= 3Mpx is satisfied.
[claim5]
5. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein when a horizontal width and a vertical width of the color subpixels are w and h respectively, w=3px/N is satisfied.
[claim6]
6. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a value of the w is within a range of from [1-(1/2)(h/py)](3px/N) to [1+(h/py)](3px/N).
[claim7]
7. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a value of the h is the same as or approximate to a value of the py.
[claim8]
8. The three-dimensional display according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein when a distribution of a maximum intensity distribution of rays emitted from one color subpixel is represented by a function f(s, t), and a straight line, which is in parallel with the central axis of each cylindrical lens and in which a horizontal distance between the straight line and the central axis is x, is represented by s=-t tan theta +x, a sum of the light intensities within a single color subpixel on the straight line is represented by:
(Equation image 13 not included in text)
the light intensity of the entire three-dimensional pixel in the horizontal display direction phi is provided by:
(Equation image 14 not included in text) wherein f is a focal distance of the cylindrical lens,
and each parameter is set so that the formula (I) becomes approximately a constant value independent of x.
[claim9]
9. A three-dimensional display comprising: a two-dimensional display, which comprises a plurality of color subpixels arranged in rows extending in a horizontal direction and in columns extending in a vertical direction which is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal direction, the color subpixels of red, green and blue being arranged periodically in the columns; and
a lenticular sheet provided on the two-dimensional display and having a plurality of cylindrical lenses through which the color subpixels are viewed and which are arranged in parallel with one another, the central axis of each cylindrical lens being inclined at an angle of theta to the column of the two-dimensional display,
wherein, when a pitch of the color subpixels in the horizontal direction is px, a pitch of the color subpixels in the vertical direction is py, and a color subpixel group constituting one three-dimensional pixel includes 3M * N number of color subpixels where 3M is the number of color subpixels in each row corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses and N is the number of color subpixels in each column corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses, a relationship, theta =tan-1[(1-3/N)px/py], is satisfied, where px is a pitch of the color subpixels in the horizontal direction and py is a pitch of the color subpixels in the vertical direction.
[claim10]
10. The three-dimensional display according to claim 9, wherein the two-dimensional display that has color subpixels is selected from the group consisting of a liquid crystal display, an organic EL display, and a plasma display.
[claim11]
11. The three-dimensional display according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the N is the multiples of 3.
[claim12]
12. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 9 to 11, wherein, in a construction of the three-dimensional pixel, Npy <= 3Mpx is satisfied.
[claim13]
13. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 9 to 12, wherein when a horizontal width and a vertical width of the color subpixels are w and h respectively, w=3px/N is satisfied.
[claim14]
14. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 9 to 13, wherein a value of the w is within a range of:
{1-(1/2)(N/3-1)(h/py)}(3px/N) <= w <= {1+(N/3-1)(h/py)}(3px/N).
[claim15]
15. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 9 to 14, wherein a value of the h is 3py/(N-3).
[claim16]
16. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 9 to 12, wherein, when a distribution of a maximum intensity distribution of rays emitted from one color subpixel is represented by a function f(s, t), and a straight line, which is in parallel with the central axis of each cylindrical lens and in which a horizontal distance between the straight line and the central axis is x, is represented by s=-t tan theta +x, a sum of the light intensities within a single subpixel on the straight line is represented by:
(Equation image 15 not included in text)
the light intensity of the entire three-dimensional pixel in the horizontal display direction phi is provided by:
(Equation image 16 not included in text) wherein f is a focal distance of the cylindrical lens,
and each parameter is set so that the formula (II) becomes approximately a constant value independent of x.
[claim17]
17. A three-dimensional display comprising: a two-dimensional display, which comprises a plurality of color subpixels arranged in rows extending in a horizontal direction and in columns extending in a vertical direction which is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal direction, the color subpixels of red, green and blue being arranged periodically in the rows and the color subpixels of the same color being arranged in the columns;
a lenticular sheet provided on the two-dimensional display and having a plurality of cylindrical lenses through which the color subpixels are viewed and which are arranged in parallel with one another; and
an aperture array which is provided between the two-dimensional display and the lenticular sheet, and which has a plurality of apertures,
the central axis of each cylindrical lens being inclined at an angle of theta to the column of the two-dimensional display,
wherein when a pitch of the color subpixels in the horizontal direction is px, a pitch of the color subpixels in the vertical direction is py, a pitch of the apertures in the horizontal direction is px', a pitch of the apertures in the vertical direction is py', and when a color subpixel group constituting one three-dimensional pixel includes 3M * N number of color subpixels where 3M is the number of color subpixels in each row corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses and N is the number of color subpixels in each column corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses, relationships, px=px', py=py', and theta =tan-1(3px'/NPy'), are satisfied.
[claim18]
18. The three-dimensional display according to claim 17, wherein the two-dimensional display that has color subpixels is selected from the group consisting of a liquid crystal display, an organic EL display, and a plasma display.
[claim19]
19. The three-dimensional display according to claim 17 or 18, wherein the N is the multiples of 3.
[claim20]
20. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 19, wherein, in a construction of the three-dimensional pixel, Npy' <= 3Mpx' is satisfied.
[claim21]
21. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 20, wherein when a horizontal width and a vertical width of the apertures are w' and h' respectively, w'=3px'/N is satisfied.
[claim22]
22. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 21, wherein a value of the w' is within a range of from [1-(1/2)(h'/py')](3px'/N) to [1+(h'/py')](3px'/N).
[claim23]
23. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 22, wherein a value of the h' is the same as or approximate to a value of the py'.
[claim24]
24. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 20, wherein, when a distribution of a maximum intensity distribution of rays emitted from one aperture is represented by a function f(s, t), and a straight line, which is in parallel with the central axis of each cylindrical lens and in which a horizontal distance between the straight line and the central axis is x, is represented by s=-t tan theta +x, a sum of the light intensities within a single color subpixel on the straight line is represented by:
(Equation image 17 not included in text)
the light intensity of the entire three-dimensional pixel in the horizontal display direction phi is provided by:
(Equation image 18 not included in text) wherein f is a focal distance of the cylindrical lens,
and each parameter is set so that the formula (III) becomes approximately a constant value independent of x.
[claim25]
25. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 24, wherein each of the color subpixels has a multidomain structure which is divided into top, bottom, right, and left sections.
[claim26]
26. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 17 to 25, further comprising a diffuser disposed between the two-dimensional display and the aperture array.
[claim27]
27. A three-dimensional display comprising: a two-dimensional display, which comprises a plurality of color subpixels arranged in rows extending in a horizontal direction and in columns extending in a vertical direction which is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal direction, the color subpixels of red, green and blue being arranged periodically in the columns;
a lenticular sheet provided on the two-dimensional display and having a plurality of cylindrical lenses through which the color subpixels are viewed and which are arranged in parallel with one another; and
an aperture array which is provided between the two-dimensional display and the lenticular sheet and has a plurality of apertures,
the central axis of each cylindrical lens being inclined at an angle of theta to the column of the two-dimensional display,
wherein when a pitch of the color subpixels in the horizontal direction is px, a pitch of the color subpixels in the vertical direction is py, a pitch of the apertures in the horizontal direction is px', a pitch of the apertures in the vertical direction is py', and when a color subpixel group constituting one three-dimensional pixel includes 3M * N number of color subpixels where 3M is the number of color subpixels in each row corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses and N is the number of color subpixels in each column corresponding to one of the cylindrical lenses, relationships, px=px', py=py', and theta =tan31 1[(1-3/N)px'/py'], are satisfied.
[claim28]
28. The three-dimensional display according to claim 27, wherein the two-dimensional display that has color subpixels is selected from the group consisting of a liquid crystal display, an organic EL display, and a plasma display.
[claim29]
29. The three-dimensional display according to claim 27 or 28, wherein the N is the multiples of 3.
[claim30]
30. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 29, wherein, in a construction of the three-dimensional pixel, Npy' <= 3Mpx' is satisfied.
[claim31]
31. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 30, wherein when a horizontal width and a vertical width of the apertures are w' and h' respectively, w'=3p'x'/N is satisfied.
[claim32]
32. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 31, wherein a value of the w' is within a range of:
{1-(1/2)(N/3-1)(h/p'y)}(3p'x/N) <= w <= {1+(N/3-1)(h/p'y)}(3p'x/N).
[claim33]
33. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 32, wherein a value of the h' is 3py/(N-3).
[claim34]
34. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 30, wherein when a distribution of a maximum intensity distribution of rays emitted from one aperture is represented by a function f(s, t), and a straight line, which is in parallel with the central axis of each cylindrical lens and in which a horizontal distance between the straight line and the central axis is x, is represented by s=-t tan theta +x, a sum of the light intensities within a single subpixel on the straight line is represented by:
(Equation image 19 not included in text)
the light intensity of the entire three-dimensional pixel in the horizontal display direction phi is provided by:
(Equation image 20 not included in text) wherein f is a focal distance of the cylindrical lens,
and each parameter is set so that the formula (IV) becomes approximately a constant value independent of x.
[claim35]
35. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 34, wherein each of the color subpixels has a multidomain structure which is divided into top, bottom, right, and left sections.
[claim36]
36. The three-dimensional display according to any one of claims 27 to 35, further comprising a diffuser disposed between the two-dimensional display and the aperture array.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • TAKAKI YASUHIRO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • G02B027/22L
  • H04N013/04A1
  • H04N013/04A4
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