METHOD FOR DECOMPOSING ALGINIC ACID
|Posted date||Feb 24, 2012|
|International application number||2011JP056835|
|International publication number||WO 2011118582|
|Date of international filing||Mar 22, 2011|
|Date of international publication||Sep 29, 2011|
|Title||METHOD FOR DECOMPOSING ALGINIC ACID|
|Abstract||Disclosed are a polypeptide having alginate lyase activity, and a method that is for decomposing alginic acid and that uses said enzyme.|
|Outline of related art and contending technology||
Brown algae such as alginic acid-producing bacteria and a portion of algae polysaccharides, in particular Laminaria such as alcohol or a contained many . Alginic acid is directly extracted from brown algae as well as a food, food additive, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, industrial are utilized in various other applications. On the other hand, alginate is soluble in water for very high viscosity, food, food additive, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, industrial in order to be applied to various purposes such as, by the decomposition of the alginate lyase by alginic acid, alginic acid to reduce the viscosity of the aqueous solution is effective. In addition, alginic acid oligosaccharide is created by the decomposition of the roots of the plant growth-promoting effect, such as anti-tumor effect in a variety of physiologic activating action have been reported, has attracted attention in recent years. In addition, food processing plant using brown algae is the large amount of the wastewater in the alginic acid exhibits a high viscosity, the construction of the alginic acid decomposition by a viscous size reduction techniques are also demanded. Further, such as the genus Pseudomonus of alginate produced as the removal of the biofilm bacteria, as well as surfactant and heat treatment is difficult, the decomposition of the alginate are considered essential.
Alginic acid and decomposition of the large amount of energy consumption or a waste liquid processing is complicated due to heat method than the method according to the acid, using enzymes have been considered valid. The ocean to the land-based or live bacteria mainly brown algae or marine mollusks to the feed intake (oysters, , snail and the like) to the subject a degradative enzyme alginate alginate lyase and a search is performed, the substrate specificity of the enzyme, a truncated version of the characteristics such as discussed in detail in, for some enzymes are the three-dimensional structure is revealed. In addition, those enzymes from brown algae or the production of oligosaccharides is protoplast cells has been attempted to apply the polymer to the production of the practical example there is little. In this way decomposition and alginate oligosaccharide is a degradation product useful, mainly degradative enzyme alginate lyase is derived from a land-based soil bacteria are commercially available and has only a small.
Alginic acid degrading enzyme is not limited to, industrial and industrial enzyme generally is used, it is important to the stability of the enzyme. Temperature, pH, to various factors such as ionic strength, and to keep the enzymatic activity, does not easily inactivated or degeneration is required. For example, sugars such as cellulase and a protease enzyme hydrolysis habitat of various fungi that produce them from isolated, useful enzymes are found in practical use. However, the hitherto known alginate lyase to produce the biological species may be small compared to the above-mentioned enzymes for, order for practical use of alginic acid which overcomes the various factors for degrading enzyme has scarcely been reported.
Alginic acid lyase producing organism up to now is mainly used as soil bacteria, seaweed, seaweed attached bacteria, algae and the like are covered mollusk meat has been (non-patent document 1-6).
|Scope of claims||
(In Japanese)請求の範囲 [請求項1]
|IPC(International Patent Classification)||
National States: AE AG AL AM AO AT AU AZ BA BB BG BH BR BW BY BZ CA CH CL CN CO CR CU CZ DE DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG ES FI GB GD GE GH GM GT HN HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KM KN KP KR KZ LA LC LK LR LS LT LU LY MA MD ME MG MK MN MW MX MY MZ NA NG NI NO NZ OM PE PG PH PL PT RO RS RU SC SD SE SG SK SL SM ST SV SY TH TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN ZA ZM ZW
ARIPO: BW GH GM KE LR LS MW MZ NA SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW
EAPO: AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM
EPO: AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
OAPI: BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW ML MR NE SN TD TG
Contact Information for " METHOD FOR DECOMPOSING ALGINIC ACID "
- National University Corporation Hokkaido University Institute for the Promotion of Business-Regional Collaboration
- URL: http://www.mcip.hokudai.ac.jp/eng/
- Address: Kita 21-jyo Nishi 11-chome, Kita-ku, Sapporo-shi,Hokkaido, Japan , 001-0021
- Fax: 81-11-706-9550