Top > Search of International Patents > Mutant tRNA for introducing unnatural amino acid into protein

Mutant tRNA for introducing unnatural amino acid into protein achieved

Foreign code F120006773
File No. K01709WO
Posted date Jun 18, 2012
Country United States of America
Application number 08496706
Gazette No. 20110224411
Gazette No. 8372960
Date of filing Nov 14, 2006
Gazette Date Sep 15, 2011
Gazette Date Feb 12, 2013
International application number JP2006323064
International publication number WO2007055429
Date of international filing Nov 14, 2006
Date of international publication May 18, 2007
Priority data
  • P2005-329115 (Nov 14, 2005) JP
  • 2006WO-JP323064 (Nov 14, 2006) WO
Title Mutant tRNA for introducing unnatural amino acid into protein achieved
Abstract (US8372960)
It is an objective of the present invention to provide tRNA that has CUA or CCCG as an anticodon and is aminoacylated with an unnatural amino acid, such tRNA being capable of efficiently introducing an unnatural amino acid into a protein without competing with a termination factor.
Such tRNA is a mutant tRNA for tryptophan which has G at the 5′ end, C as a base pairing with the G at the 5′ end, and A as a base next to the C on the 3′ side, such tRNA being a mutant tRNA which pairs with a stop codon and has CUA as an anticodon or a mutant tRNA which pairs with a stop codon or a 4-base codon has CUA or CCCG as an anticodon, into which a single base has been inserted just before the CCA sequence at the 3′ end.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A mutant tRNA, which is a mutant of tRNA for tryptophan obtained from a microorganism selected from the group consisting of Mycoplasma capricolum, Bacillus halodouranns, Bacillus subtillis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma pneumoniae 1, Mycoplasma pneumoniae 2 and Staphylococcus aureus N315, wherein the mutation consists of;
(i) G at the 5' end,
(ii) C at 5th base from the 3' end which pairs with the G of (i) at the 5' end, and A at 4th base from the 3' end which is adjacent to the 3' side of the C of (ii),
wherein the mutant tryptophan tRNA (mtRNAcuACUAtrp) pairs with a UAG codon and has CUA as an anticodon; and
where said mtRNACUAtrp has a higher efficiency of incorporation of an unnatural amino acid, a modified amino acid or a derivative thereof into a protein in an in-vitro cell-free translation system compared to the wild type tRNAtrp or to a tRNACUAtrP that does not comprise the mutations of (i), (ii) or (iii).
[claim2]
2. The mutant tRNA of claim 1, which consists of nucleotide sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:1, SEQ ID NO:2, SEQ ID NO:4, SEQ ID NO:5, SEQ ID NO:6, SEQ ID NO:18, SEQ ID NO:19, SEQ ID NO:20 and SEQ ID NO:25.
[claim3]
3. The mutant tRNA of claim 1 into which a single base A, C, G, or U has been inserted at the 4th position from the 3' end, which is adjacent to 5' side of ACC sequence located at 1st to 3rd position from the 3' end.
[claim4]
4. The mutant tRNA of claim 1, which is aminoacylated with an amino acid derivative and wherein the amino acid derivative is selected from the group consisting of hydroxy acid, mercapto acid, and carboxylic acid.
[claim5]
5. The mutant tRNA of claim 1, wherein the amino acid is fluorescently-labeled.
[claim6]
6. A method for introducing an amino acid selected from the group consisting of an unnatural amino acid, a modified amino acid, or a derivative thereof into a protein, the method comprising: providing an mRNA of a protein into which said amino acid is introduced; the mutant tRNA of claim 1 and
allowing the mutant tRNA to pair with the UAG codon, wherein the mRNA has a UAG codon that is a codon corresponding to a site at which an amino acid is introduced thereby introducing said amino acid into the protein.
[claim7]
7. A method of producing a protein comprising two different phosphor amino acids in an in-vitro translation system, wherein the method comprises: preparing an mRNA into which a single 4-base codon and a single UAG codon have been inserted at specified positions;
preparing two mutant tRNA molecules of claim 1 comprising anti-codons that pair with the 4-base codon and the UAG codon, and wherein one of the tRNA molecules is bound to an amino acid labeled with the fluorescent energy donor and the other tRNA is bound to an amino acid labeled with a fluorescent energy acceptor; and
allowing the translation system to synthesize the protein wherein, the protein encoded by said mRNA displays a change in distance and orientation upon interaction with other molecules and results in a change in the efficiency of fluorescence resonance energy transfer.
[claim8]
8. The method of claim 6, wherein protein synthesis is carried out in a cell-free translation system.
[claim9]
9. The method of claim 7, wherein protein synthesis is carried out in a cell-free translation system.
[claim10]
10. A method for introducing an amino acid selected from the group consisting of an unnatural amino acid, a modified amino acid, or a derivative thereof into a protein, the method comprising: introducing an amino acid into a protein in a manner such that mRNA of a protein into which an amino acid is introduced and the mutant tRNA of claim 3 are employed; and
allowing the mutant tRNA to pair with the UAG codon, wherein the mRNA has a UAG codon that is a codon corresponding to a site at which an amino acid is introduced.
[claim11]
11. A method of producing a protein comprising two different phosphor amino acids in an in-vitro translation system, wherein the method comprises preparing an mRNA into which a single 4-base codon and a single UAG codon have been inserted at specified positions; preparing two mutant tRNA molecules of claim 3 comprising anti-codons that pair with the 4-base codon and the UAG codon, and wherein one of the tRNA molecules is bound to an amino acid labeled with the fluorescent energy donor and the other tRNA is bound to an amino acid labeled with a fluorescent energy acceptor; and
allowing the translation system to synthesize the protein wherein, the protein encoded by said mRNA displays a change in distance and orientation upon interaction with other molecules and results in a change in the efficiency of fluorescence resonance energy transfer.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • HOHSAKA TAKAHIRO
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) PRESTO Structure and Function of Biomolecules AREA
Please contact us by E-mail or facsimile if you have any interests on this patent.

PAGE TOP

close
close
close
close
close
close