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Rolling apparatus UPDATE コモンズ

外国特許コード F120006798
整理番号 SKF01A-US
掲載日 2012年6月29日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 09524506
公報番号 20090268994
公報番号 8052330
出願日 平成18年11月24日(2006.11.24)
公報発行日 平成21年10月29日(2009.10.29)
公報発行日 平成23年11月8日(2011.11.8)
国際出願番号 JP2006323418
国際公開番号 WO2007063770
国際出願日 平成18年11月24日(2006.11.24)
国際公開日 平成19年6月7日(2007.6.7)
優先権データ
  • 特願2005-344905 (2005.11.30) JP
  • 特願2006-282327 (2006.10.17) JP
  • 2006WO-JP323418 (2006.11.24) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Rolling apparatus UPDATE コモンズ
発明の概要(英語) (US8052330)
In order to omit jostling caused between the adjacent rolling elements, a clearance is formed therebetween in a load region.
A transfer path has a region that allows the rolling elements to contact only one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path, or a region that has a friction force acting between one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path and the rolling elements being greater than the friction force acting between another one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path and the rolling elements.
The one of the transfer grooves in the region has a cross sectional shape taken in a direction perpendicular to the direction, in which the rolling elements are transferred, which cross sectional shape allowing two point contact with the rolling elements; and the rolling apparatus further has a contact-angle changing path that has a contact angle with the rolling elements that is greater than the contact angle of the other portion of the transfer path.
Thus, the orbital motion speed of the rolling elements is changed.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A rolling apparatus comprising a transfer path made up of at least one pair of transfer grooves; and plural rolling elements interposed in the transfer path in such a manner as to be capable of freely rolling, wherein the rolling elements have any one of a spherical shape, a cylindrical shape having opposite corners three-dimensionally curved, a conical shape, a barrel shape and a complex curved shape thereof; said transfer path has a region that allows the rolling elements to contact only one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path, or a region that has a friction force acting between one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path and the rolling elements being greater than the friction force acting between another one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path and the rolling elements; said one of the transfer grooves in said region has a cross sectional shape taken in a direction perpendicular to the direction, in which the rolling elements are transferred, which cross sectional shape allowing two point contact with the rolling elements; and said rolling apparatus further has a contact-angle changing path that has a contact angle with the rolling elements that is greater than the contact angle of the other portion of the transfer path, wherein the groove at which said contact-angle changing path is formed is composed to be able to move relative to its facing groove in the transfer direction of the rolling elements.
[claim2]
2. The rolling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein, for the transfer path that has said region that allows a friction force acting between one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path and the rolling elements to be greater than the friction force acting between another one of the transfer grooves of the transfer path and the rolling elements, the rigidity in a direction perpendicular to the transfer direction is smaller than the other portion of the transfer path, or the distance between the transfer grooves is greater than the other portion to have a non-load region that allows the rolling elements to be slightly held between the transfer grooves.
[claim3]
3. The rolling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the surface of the contact portions of the contact-angle changing path with the rolling elements is rougher than the surface of the contact portions of the opposite transfer groove with the rolling elements.
[claim4]
4. The rolling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the shape of the contact-angle changing path in the transfer direction is curved in such a direction as to have the contacting surface with the rolling elements be an inner surface.
[claim5]
5. The rolling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein a ferromagnetic material is used as the material of the rolling elements and magnetic force is applied to the contact-angle changing path.
[claim6]
6. The rolling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the contact angle at a center of the contact-angle changing path is greater than the contact angle of any one of the other portion of the transfer path and the circulation path, and is gradually decreased towards the opposite ends thereof.
[claim7]
7. The rolling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein a means for deforming the transfer grooves to change the contact angle relative to the transfer direction of the rolling elements in the contact-angle changing path is provided in an external structure of the transfer grooves.
[claim8]
8. The rolling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the surface of the contact portions of the contact-angle changing path with the rolling elements is rougher than the surface of the contact portions of the opposite transfer groove with the rolling elements.
[claim9]
9. The rolling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the shape of the contact-angle changing path in the transfer direction is curved in such a direction as to have the contacting surface with the rolling elements be an inner surface.
[claim10]
10. The rolling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a ferromagnetic material is used as the material of the rolling elements and magnetic force is applied to the contact-angle changing path.
[claim11]
11. The rolling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the contact angle at a center of the contact-angle changing path is greater than the contact angle of any one of the other portion of the transfer path and the circulation path, and is gradually decreased towards the opposite ends thereof.
[claim12]
12. The rolling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a means for deforming the transfer grooves to change the contact angle relative to the transfer direction of the rolling elements in the contact-angle changing path is provided in an external structure of the transfer grooves.
[claim13]
13. A circulation-type rolling apparatus comprising a transfer path made up of at least one pair of transfer grooves; plural rolling elements interposed in the transfer path in such a manner as to be capable of freely rolling; and a circulation path having opposite ends connected to one of the transfer grooves so as to allow the rolling elements to be capable of being circulated; wherein the rolling elements have any one of a spherical shape, a cylindrical shape having opposite corners three-dimensionally curved, a conical shape, a barrel shape and a complex curved shape thereof; wherein the rolling elements within the transfer path are drawn into the circulation path through one end of the circulation path and returned through the opposite end of the circulation path to the transfer path; at least one end of the circulation path has a cross sectional shape taken in a direction perpendicular to the direction, in which the rolling elements are circulated, which cross sectional shape allowing two point contact with the rolling elements; and said rolling apparatus further has a contact-angle changing path that has a contact angle with the rolling elements that is greater than the contact angle of the transfer path.
[claim14]
14. The rolling apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the shape of the contact-angle changing path in the transfer direction is curved in such a direction as to have the contacting surface with the rolling elements be an inner surface.
[claim15]
15. The rolling apparatus according to claim 13, wherein a ferromagnetic material is used as the material of the rolling elements and magnetic force is applied to the contact-angle changing path.
[claim16]
16. The rolling apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the contact angle at a center of the contact-angle changing path is greater than the contact angle of any one of the other portion of the transfer path and the circulation path, and is gradually decreased towards the opposite ends thereof.
[claim17]
17. The rolling apparatus according to claim 13, wherein a means for deforming the transfer grooves to change the contact angle relative to the transfer direction of the rolling elements in the contact-angle changing path is provided in an external structure of the transfer grooves.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • KAWASHIMA SOSUKE
  • COO SPACE
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • F16C025/08
  • F16C029/12E
  • F16C029/12W
  • F16C033/30
  • F16C033/58
  • F16C033/64
  • F16C043/08
  • F16H025/22B
  • R16H025/22B7
参考情報 (研究プロジェクト等) This patent is concerned with an improvement of energy efficiency, such as a bearing, a ball screw, and a linear guide.
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