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Ionization analysis method and apparatus

Foreign code F120006900
File No. P08-019US
Posted date Oct 4, 2012
Country United States of America
Application number 200913001330
Gazette No. 20110108726
Gazette No. 8253098
Date of filing Jun 4, 2009
Gazette Date May 12, 2011
Gazette Date Aug 28, 2012
International application number JP2009060653
International publication number WO2009157312
Date of international filing Jun 4, 2009
Date of international publication Dec 30, 2009
Priority data
  • P2008-169679 (Jun 27, 2008) JP
  • 2009WO-JP60653 (Jun 4, 2009) WO
Title Ionization analysis method and apparatus
Abstract (US8253098)
An ionization apparatus comprises a first electrode provided on the outer periphery of a dielectric cylindrical body and a second cylindrical electrode placed inside at a center of the cylindrical body.
When an AC high voltage is impressed across the first electrode and the second cylindrical electrode, a barrier discharge occurs within the cylindrical body.
A distal end portion of the second cylindrical electrode projects outwardly from the distal end of the cylindrical body, a thermal equilibrium plasma P having a low electron temperature is generated outwardly from the distal end of the cylindrical body without a plasma jet ascribable to the barrier discharge emerging outwardly from the distal end of the cylindrical body.
By exposing a sample S to the thermal equilibrium plasma P, particles (atoms, molecules) desorbed from the sample S undergo soft ionization without being decomposed or polymerized.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. An ionization apparatus comprising: a first cylindrical body comprising a dielectric;
a first electrode provided on the outer side of said first cylindrical body in the vicinity of a distal end portion thereof; and
a second electrode disposed inside said first cylindrical body in the vicinity of the center thereof defining a clearance between itself and an inner surface of said first cylindrical body, extending along the longitudinal direction of said first cylindrical body, projecting outwardly from the distal end of said first cylindrical body and passing a position at which said first electrode is provided;
wherein said second electrode is a second cylindrical body for supplying a sample gas or for introducing generated ions and has a distal end that is open.
[claim2]
2. An ionization apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said second electrode is a slender tube made of metal.
[claim3]
3. An ionization apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said second electrode is a capillary for supplying a sample gas, the sample gas being supplied from a rear end thereof.
[claim4]
4. An ionization apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said second electrode is a capillary for introducing ions, the capillary communicating with the interior of a mass analyzer.
[claim5]
5. An ionization apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said second electrode is formed as a metal portion on the surface of an inner cylindrical body, which exhibits an insulating property, at least from the position of said first electrode to the distal end.
[claim6]
6. An ionization apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a mesh electrode disposed outwardly of a distal end of said second electrode in close proximity to this distal end.
[claim7]
7. An ionization analysis apparatus comprising the ionization apparatus, which is set forth in claim 1, and a mass analyzer.
[claim8]
8. An ionization method using the ionization apparatus set forth in claim 1 comprising: impressing an AC voltage across said first and second electrodes; and
exposing a sample to a charged gas stream generated from the distal end of said first cylindrical body.
[claim9]
9. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising impressing a DC voltage across said first and second electrodes and generating a positive-ion rich or negative-ion rich charge gas current in accordance with polarity of this DC voltage.
[claim10]
10. An ionization method according to claim 9, further comprising applying a voltage having a polarity the same as that of said DC voltage and an absolute value larger than that of said DC voltage to a conductor placed rearwardly of the sample.
[claim11]
11. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising applying a positive or negative DC voltage to a mesh electrode disposed outwardly of the distal end of said second electrode in close proximity to this distal end.
[claim12]
12. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising supplying a discharge gas or carrier gas to a gap in said first cylindrical body between said first cylindrical body and said second electrode.
[claim13]
13. An ionization method according to claim 12, further comprising promoting desorption of the sample by heating said discharge gas or carrier gas.
[claim14]
14. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising spraying fine droplets of a solvent onto the sample and promoting desorption of the sample.
[claim15]
15. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising promoting desorption of the sample by heating the sample.
[claim16]
16. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising promoting desorption of the sample by subjecting the sample to ultrasonic vibration.
[claim17]
17. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising promoting desorption of the sample by irradiating the sample with laser light.
[claim18]
18. An ionization method according to claim 8, further comprising promoting desorption of the sample by forming a photon field in the vicinity of the sample surface.
[claim19]
19. An ionization analysis method comprising introducing sample ions, which have been produced by the ionization method set forth in claim 8, to an analyzing apparatus.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • HIRAOKA KENZO
  • CHEN LEE CHUIN
  • UNIVERSITY OF YAMANASHI
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • H01J049/10B
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