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Method and apparatus for diagnosing a damage in a structure

Foreign code F120007027
Posted date Nov 19, 2012
Country United States of America
Application number 86697409
Gazette No. 20100319452
Gazette No. 8371170
Date of filing Feb 12, 2009
Gazette Date Dec 23, 2010
Gazette Date Feb 12, 2013
International application number JP2009052311
International publication number WO2009101978
Date of international filing Feb 12, 2009
Date of international publication Aug 20, 2009
Priority data
  • P2008-032142 (Feb 13, 2008) JP
  • 2009WO-JP52311 (Feb 12, 2009) WO
Title Method and apparatus for diagnosing a damage in a structure
Abstract (US8371170)
In the diagnosis of a structure, at least one electromechanical transducer is fixed to a structure as an object of diagnosis and is driven with an alternating voltage of a constant amplitude, and a current flowing through the at least one electromechanical transducer is measured.
Next, high frequency components around a driving frequency of the electromechanical transducer are separated from a signal of the current.
Next, modulation information due to a damage is extracted from amplitude and/or phase demodulation of the high frequency components.
Then a damage index is evaluated based on the modulation information.
Thus, structural health can be diagnosed with use of at least one electromechanical transducer, without baseline data, in one measurement.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A method for diagnosing a structure comprising: driving at least one electromechanical transducer fixed to a structure as an object of diagnosis with an alternating voltage of a constant amplitude, and measuring a current flowing through the at least one electromechanical transducer,
separating high frequency components around a driving frequency of the electromechanical transducer from a signal of the current,
extracting modulation information due to a damage from amplitude demodulation of the high frequency components, and
evaluating a damage index based on the modulation information.
[claim2]
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the damage index is a ratio of amplitude of a current waveform after the demodulation to an average of the current waveform after the demodulation, and the ratio is compared with a threshold value to diagnose occurrence of a damage.
[claim3]
3. A diagnosis apparatus comprising: a separator for separating high frequency components around a driving frequency of at least one electromechanical transducer from a signal of a current flowing through the at least one electromechanical transducer when the transducer fixed to a structure as an object of diagnosis is driven with an alternating voltage of a constant amplitude,
an extractor for extracting modulation information due to a damage from amplitude demodulation of the high frequency components, and
an evaluator for evaluating a damage index based on the modulation information.
[claim4]
4. A diagnosis method comprising: driving at least one electromechanical transducer fixed to a structure as an object of diagnosis with an alternating voltage of a constant amplitude, and measuring a current flowing through the at least one electromechanical transducer,
separating high frequency components around a driving frequency of the electromechanical transducer from a signal of the current,
extracting modulation information due to a damage from phase demodulation of the high frequency components, and
evaluating a damage index based on the modulation information.
[claim5]
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the damage index is a ratio of amplitude of a current waveform after the demodulation to an average of the current waveform after the demodulation, and the ratio is compared with a threshold value to diagnose occurrence of a damage.
[claim6]
6. The method according to claim 4, further comprising: extracting the modulation information due to the damage with amplitude demodulation of the high frequency components,
wherein the damage index is evaluated from the modulation information after the phase demodulation and the modulation information after the amplitude demodulation.
[claim7]
7. An diagnosis apparatus comprising: a separator for separating high frequency components around a driving frequency of an at least one electromechanical transducer from a signal of a current flowing through the at least one electromechanical transducer when the transducer fixed to a structure as an object of diagnosis is driven with an alternating voltage of a constant amplitude,
an extractor for extracting modulation information due to a damage from phase demodulation of the high frequency components, and
an evaluator for evaluating a damage index based on the modulation information.
[claim8]
8. The diagnosis apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the extractor further extracts modulation information due to the damage with amplitude demodulation of the high frequency components, and the evaluator evaluates the damage index from the modulation information after phase demodulation and the modulation information after amplitude demodulation.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • MASUDA ARATA
  • KYOTO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
U.S. Cl./(Sub)
  • G01M005/00M
  • G01M005/00P
  • G01N029/14
  • G01N029/42
  • G01N029/44B2
  • G01N029/44F
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