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Ionization method and apparatus using electrospray, and analyzing method and apparatus

Foreign code F130007405
File No. P09-039US
Posted date Jun 18, 2013
Country United States of America
Application number 201213491331
Gazette No. 20120248303
Gazette No. 9111739
Date of filing Jun 7, 2012
Gazette Date Oct 4, 2012
Gazette Date Aug 18, 2015
Priority data
  • P2009-278458 (Dec 8, 2009) JP
  • 2010WO-JP72511 (Dec 8, 2010) WO
Title Ionization method and apparatus using electrospray, and analyzing method and apparatus
Abstract (US9111739)
It is arranged so that living tissue that has not been pretreated can be adopted as a sample of interest.
A sample is introduced into at least a tip portion of a hollow insulated sample holder 11 having a small hole 11a in the tip portion.
A slender metal wire 12, which has been inserted into the sample holder 11 from the rear, is projected outwardly from the sample holder 11 through the hole 11a while being brought into contact with the sample.
A high voltage is applied to the slender metal wire 12 at least in a portion of a time period in which the tip of the slender metal wire 12 is being projected outwardly from the hole 11a, thereby ionizing, by electrospray, the sample adhering to the tip of the slender metal wire 12.
The ions are introduced into an analyzing apparatus and are analyzed.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. An ionization method using electrospray comprising: introducing a sample into at least a tip portion of a hollow insulated sample holder having a small hole in the tip portion;
supporting an electrically conductive linear body, which has been inserted inside said sample holder, such that a tip thereof is projectable outwardly from or
retractable into said hole;
projecting the tip of said linear body outwardly from the sample holder through said hole while being brought into contact with said sample inside said sample holder; and
applying a high voltage for electrospray of several kV to 1 kV to said linear body after the tip of said electrically conductive linear body is projected outwardly from said hole of said sample holder, thereby ionizing, by electrospray, the sample adhering to the tip of said linear body,
wherein the linear body is a solid wire.
[claim2]
2. An ionization method according to claim 1, wherein the projecting and retracting of the tip of said electrically conductive linear body and the electro spraying of the sample are repeated multiple times with regard to a single sample.
[claim3]
3. An ionization method according to claim 1, wherein application of said high voltage is halted when the sample at the tip of the electrically conductive linear body has been consumed by electrospray.
[claim4]
4. An ionization method according to claim 1, wherein a sample is taken directly at the tip of said sample holder.
[claim5]
5. An ionization method according to claim 1, wherein a liquid sample is supplied to said sample holder from liquid chromatography.
[claim6]
6. An ionization method according to claim 1, wherein ionization is carried out under atmospheric pressure.
[claim7]
7. An ionization method according to claim 1, further comprising using an electrically conductive linear body at least the tip of which has been subjected to a hydrophobic or hydrophilic surface treatment.
[claim8]
8. An ionization analyzing method of analyzing molecules that have been ionized by the ionization method set forth in claim 1.
[claim9]
9. An ionization method according to claim 2, wherein a sample is taken directly at the tip of said sample holder.
[claim10]
10. An ionization method according to claim 3, wherein a sample is taken directly at the tip of said sample holder.
[claim11]
11. An ionization method according to claim 2, wherein a liquid sample is supplied to said sample holder from liquid chromatography.
[claim12]
12. An ionization method according to claim 3, wherein a liquid sample is supplied to said sample holder from liquid chromatography.
[claim13]
13. An ionization method according to claim 2, wherein ionization is carried out under atmospheric pressure.
[claim14]
14. An ionization method according to claim 3, wherein ionization is carried out under atmospheric pressure.
[claim15]
15. An ionization method according to claim 2, further comprising using an electrically conductive linear body at least the tip of which has been subjected to a hydrophobic or hydrophilic surface treatment.
[claim16]
16. An ionization method according to claim 3, further comprising using an electrically conductive linear body at least the tip of which has been subjected to a hydrophobic or hydrophilic surface treatment.
[claim17]
17. An ionization method according to claim 6, further comprising using an electrically conductive linear body at least the tip of which has been subjected to a hydrophobic or hydrophilic surface treatment.
[claim18]
18. An ionization analyzing method of analyzing molecules that have been ionized by the ionization method set forth in claim 2.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • HIRAOKA KENZO
  • UNIVERSITY OF YAMANASHI
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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