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Living radical polymerization method 実績あり

外国特許コード F130007477
整理番号 1025
掲載日 2013年7月10日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 45937006
公報番号 20070049715
公報番号 7399814
出願日 平成18年7月24日(2006.7.24)
公報発行日 平成19年3月1日(2007.3.1)
公報発行日 平成20年7月15日(2008.7.15)
優先権データ
  • 特願2005-254209 (2005.9.1) JP
  • 特願2006-014431 (2006.1.23) JP
発明の名称 (英語) Living radical polymerization method 実績あり
発明の概要(英語) (US7399814)
A highly active and environment-friendly catalyst for use in a living radical polymerization is provided.
A catalyst for use in a living radical polymerization method is provided.
The catalyst comprises a central element, which is selected from germanium, tin and antimony, and at least one halogen atom, which is bound to the central element.
A monomer having a radical reactive unsaturated bond is subjected to a radical polymerization reaction under the presence of the catalyst, thereby it is possible to obtain a polymer having narrow molecular weight distribution.
The present invention has the merits such as low toxicity of the catalyst, a small amount of the catalyst can be used, high solubility of the catalyst, mild reaction conditions, no coloration, no odor (unnecessary post-treatment of molded products).
The method of the present invention is more environment-friendly and economical than a conventional living radical polymerization method.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A use of a catalyst in a living radical polymerization method, wherein the catalyst consists of a compound comprising at least one central element selected from germanium, tin or antimony, and at least one halogen atom which is bound to the central elements and wherein the method comprises a step of conducting a living radical polymerization reaction in the presence of the catalyst.
[claim2]
10. A living radical polymerization composition, comprising a catalyst, an organic halide having a carbon-halogen linkage and a monomer having a radically reactive unsaturated linkage, wherein the catalyst consists of a compound of the following general formula (I):
R1nMX1m (I)
wherein, R1 is aryl or substituted aryl, n is an integer of 0 to 3,M is a central element,when n is 0, M is germanium, andwhen n is 1-3, M is germanium, tin, or antimony,X1 is a halogen, andwhen M is germanium, X1 is iodine or bromine, andm is an integer of 1 to 4.
[claim3]
2. A use according to claim 1, in which the catalyst consists of a compound of the following general formula (I):
R1nMX1m (I)
wherein, R1 is aryl or substituted aryl, n is an integer of 0 to 3,M is a central element, which is germanium, tin, or antimony,X1 is a halogen,m is an integer of 1 to 4.
[claim4]
3. A use according to claim 2, wherein R1 is phenyl, lower alkyl phenyl or lower alkyloxyphenyl, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim5]
4. A use according to claim 3, wherein M is germanium, R1 is phenyl, lower alkyl phenyl or lower alkyloxyphenyl, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim6]
5. A use according to claim 2, wherein M is tin or antimony, n is 0, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim7]
6. A method of conducting a living radical polymerization, comprising a step of conducting a living radical polymerization reaction of a monomer having a radically reactive unsaturated linkage, under the presence of a catalyst, wherein the catalyst consists of a compound comprising at least one central element selected from germanium, tin or antimony, and at least one halogen atom which is bound to the central element.
[claim8]
7. A method according to claim 6, wherein the living radical polymerization reaction is conducted under the presence of an organic halide having a carbon-halogen linkage and the catalyst.
[claim9]
8. A method according to claim 7, wherein the organic halide is a compound having the general formula (II):
CR2R3R4X2 (II)
wherein, R2 and R3 are independently halogen, hydrogen or alkyl, R4 is halogen, hydrogen, alkyl, aryl or cyano, X2 is halogen.
[claim10]
9. A method according to claim 8, wherein a concentration of the catalyst is 1 weight % or less of the reaction solution, and the reaction temperature is 20 deg. C. to 90 deg. C.
[claim11]
11. A composition according to claim 10, wherein R1 is phenyl, lower alkyl phenyl or lower alkyloxyphenyl, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim12]
12. A living radical polymerization composition, comprising a catalyst, an organic halide having a carbon-halogen linkage and a monomer having a radically reactive unsaturated linkage, wherein the catalyst consists of a compound of the following general formula (I):
R1nMX1m (I)
wherein, n is an integer of 1 to 3, M is germanium, R1 is phenyl, lower alkyl phenyl or lower alkyloxyphenyl, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim13]
13. A method according to claim 6, wherein the catalyst consists of a compound of the following general formula (I):
R1nMX1m (I)
wherein, R1 is aryl or substituted aryl, n is an integer of 0 to 3,M is a central element, which is germanium, tin, or antimony,X1 is a halogen,m is an integer of 1 to 4.
[claim14]
14. A method according to claim 13, wherein R1 is phenyl, lower alkyl phenyl or lower alkyloxyphenyl, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim15]
15. A method according to claim 14, wherein M is germanium, R1 is phenyl, lower alkyl phenyl or lower alkyloxyphenyl, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim16]
16. A method according to claim 13, wherein M is tin or antimony, n is 0, X1 is iodine, m is an integer of 2 to 4.
[claim17]
17. A composition according to claim 10, wherein the halogen atom of the organic halide is a bromine or iodine.
[claim18]
18. A living radical polymerization composition, comprising a catalyst and a monomer having a radically reactive unsaturated linkage, wherein the catalyst consists of a compound comprising at least one central element selected from germanium, tin or antimony, and at least one halogen atom which is bound to the central element, wherein the halogen atom is iodine or bromine, and wherein the composition does not comprise an episulfide compound.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • GOTO ATSUSHI
  • FUKUDA TAKESHI
  • TSUJII YOSHINOBU
  • KYOTO UNIVERSITY
国際特許分類(IPC)
米国特許分類/主・副
  • B01J031/12F
  • C08F112/08
  • C08F220/14
  • L01J031/22
  • L01J531/42
  • L01J531/52
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