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Power generation element and power generation apparatus including the power generation element achieved

Foreign code F130007639
File No. 2009-0036US
Posted date Oct 2, 2013
Country United States of America
Application number 201213716553
Gazette No. 20130140919
Gazette No. 8766495
Date of filing Dec 17, 2012
Gazette Date Jun 6, 2013
Gazette Date Jul 1, 2014
Priority data
  • P2010-139930 (Jun 18, 2010) JP
  • 2011WO-JP03276 (Jun 9, 2011) WO
Title Power generation element and power generation apparatus including the power generation element achieved
Abstract (US8766495)
A power generation element includes: a first nnagnetostrictive rod made of a nnagnetostrictive material; a rigid rod made of a magnetic material and disposed in parallel with the first nnagnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression or tensile force to the first nnagnetostrictive rod; a first coil wound around the first nnagnetostrictive rod; and two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the first nnagnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod to connect the first nnagnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod; wherein the power generation element generates power through expansion or contraction of the first nnagnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the first nnagnetostrictive rod.
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A power generation element, comprising: a magnetostrictive rod made of a magnetostrictive material;
a rigid rod made of a magnetic material other than a magnetostrictive material and disposed in parallel with the magnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression force or a tensile force to the magnetostrictive rod;
a coil wound around the magnetostrictive rod; and
two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod to connect the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod;
wherein the power generation element generates power through expansion or contraction of the magnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the magnetostrictive rod.
[claim2]
2. The power generation element according to claim 1, further comprising a magnet comprising a back yoke.
[claim3]
3. The power generation element according to claim 1, wherein when the number of turns of the coil is N, the coil includes K coils connected in parallel and each comprising N/K turns.
[claim4]
4. The power generation element according to claim 1, wherein each of the two connecting yokes comprises two grooves, and
respective ends of each of the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod are disposed in the two grooves of each of the two connecting yokes, and are fixed to the two connecting yokes.
[claim5]
5. The power generation element according to claim 1, wherein each of the two connecting yokes comprises two grooves,
respective ends of each of the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod are disposed in the two grooves of each of the two connecting yokes, and each of the two connecting yokes comprises a portion compressed around a respective end of each of the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod.
[claim6]
6. A power generation element, comprising: a first magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetostrictive material;
a second magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetic material and disposed in parallel with the first magnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression force or a tensile force to the first magnetostrictive rod;
a first coil wound around the first magnetostrictive rod and a second coil wound around the second magnetostrictive rod; and
two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the first and second magnetostrictive rods to connect the first and second magnetostrictive rods;
wherein the power generation element generates power through expansion or contraction of the first magnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the first magnetostrictive rod; and
connection interfaces between each of the two connecting yokes and each of the first and second magnetostrictive rods are reinforced with an adhesive.
[claim7]
7. The power generation element according to claim 6, further comprising a magnet comprising a back yoke.
[claim8]
8. A plurality of power generation elements wherein: at least one of the power generation elements comprises:
a magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetostrictive material;
a rigid rod comprising a magnetic material and disposed in parallel with the magnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression force or a tensile force to the magnetostrictive rod;
a coil wound around the magnetostrictive rod; and
two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod to connect the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod;
wherein the plurality of power generation elements is disposed in parallel, at least one of the power generation elements generates power through expansion or contraction of the magnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the magnetostrictive rod, and
the plurality of power generation elements is connected in series.
[claim9]
9. A power generation element, comprising: a magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetostrictive material;
a rigid rod comprising a magnetic material and disposed in parallel with the magnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression force or a tensile force to the magnetostrictive rod;
a coil wound around the magnetostrictive rod; and
two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod to connect the magnetostrictive rod and the rigid rod;
wherein the rigid rod and the two connecting yokes are formed into a single entity, and
the power generation element generates power through expansion or contraction of the magnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the magnetostrictive rod.
[claim10]
10. A power generation element, comprising: a first magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetostrictive material;
a second magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetic material and disposed in parallel with the magnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression force or a tensile force to the first magnetostrictive rod;
a first coil wound around the first magnetostrictive rod and a second coil wound around the second magnetostrictive rod; and
two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the first and second magnetostrictive rods to connect the first and second magnetostrictive rods;
wherein the power generation element generates power through expansion or contraction of the first magnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the first magnetostrictive rod; and
each of the ends of each of the first and second magnetostrictive rods comprises a pin, wherein the pin penetrates into a respective one of the connecting yokes and forms a joint.
[claim11]
11. A power generation element, comprising: a first magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetostrictive material;
a second magnetostrictive rod comprising a magnetic material and disposed in parallel with the magnetostrictive rod, the magnetic material having rigidity and a shape that enable uniform application of a compression force or a tensile force to the first magnetostrictive rod;
a first coil wound around the first magnetostrictive rod and a second coil wound around the second magnetostrictive rod; and
two connecting yokes, each of which is provided at one end of each of the first and second magnetostrictive rods to connect the first and second magnetostrictive rods;
wherein the power generation element generates power through expansion or contraction of the first magnetostrictive rod due to vibration in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the first magnetostrictive rod; and
each of the two connecting yokes comprises an end including a curved portion adjoining the first magnetostrictive rod or the second magnetostrictive rod, wherein the curved portion is configured to reduce a concentration of a stress at respective ends of each of the first magnetostrictive rod and the second magnetostrictive rod upon vibration.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • UENO TOSHIYUKI
  • IKEHATA YOSHIO
  • YAMADA SOTOSHI
  • KANAZAWA UNIVERSITY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
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