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PLASMA STERILIZATION DEVICE

外国特許コード F170008946
整理番号 (S2015-1580-N0)
掲載日 2017年2月1日
出願国 世界知的所有権機関(WIPO)
国際出願番号 2016JP065824
国際公開番号 WO 2016190436
国際出願日 平成28年5月27日(2016.5.27)
国際公開日 平成28年12月1日(2016.12.1)
優先権データ
  • 特願2015-109132 (2015.5.28) JP
発明の名称 (英語) PLASMA STERILIZATION DEVICE
発明の概要(英語) Provided is a plasma sterilization device whereby plasma sterilization can be performed continuously and stably under mild conditions and without degrading quality even of small objects such as granules or a powder, such as a granular or powdered agricultural product. The plasma sterilization device according to the present invention sterilizes an object through use of a plasma generated by applying a voltage across electrodes in a starting material gas atmosphere, wherein the plasma sterilization device is configured so as to be provided with opposing electrodes comprising an upper electrode and a lower electrode facing each other across a gap in the vertical direction, a supplying means for supplying the object toward the gap from a center part of the upper or lower electrode, and a discharging means for discharging the object to the outside along an external peripheral side from the center part of the lower electrode.
従来技術、競合技術の概要(英語) BACKGROUND ART
Sterilizes an object using the plasma is plasma sterilization, and the usage thereof is over a wide range, the application the been increasing magnification. Adapted to various fields such as those expected, the sterilization of products in agriculture.
Agricultural products often transported over long distances, in this case the problems inherent to the propagation of microorganisms. This is, the agricultural products, soil and various bacteria derived from growth environment, such as filamentous fungi and there is attached, the degradation of these agricultural products has a great effect.
Such as agricultural products, in particular for the seeds, bacteria, fungi, and viruses and the like are attached to the surface of the case at a density, after seeding the growing adverse effect on the growth, development failure and causes depletion. Other than that of the seed, the grain is used as a food material such as powdered or particulate (granular) of the agricultural products as well, the microbial contaminants, by the food processing product mix, causing the deterioration of the product.
Such as a technique to deal with the problem, in so far, the disinfection of microorganisms adhering to the seed for the purpose, and hot-water sterilization, dry heat sterilization, and drug-sterilization is primarily performed.
For example, in the hot-water sterilization, several minutes, in the warm water of 50-60 degrees of the seed is immersed in the sterilization. In addition, in dry heat sterilization, dry air at 70-80 degrees seeds placed under an atmosphere of a few days, the disinfection is performed. In the sterilization agent, such as fungi present on the surface of the object that is compatible with the drugs, sterilizes by spraying.
However, the hot-water sterilization is, at least several minutes, immersed in warm water for the seeds, seed germination rate of degradation and high temperature and moisture by causing a lowering of the risk.
In addition, the dry heat sterilization is, approximately several days, the temperature of the seeds in order to achieve a dry air atmosphere, and hot-water sterilization and in the same manner, by being exposed to the high temperature environment for a long time, deterioration of the seed, there is a fear of causing a reduction in germination rate.
In addition, the sterilization agent which is described above, the deterioration due to high temperatures is avoided, which are adapted to the sterilization target fungus agent needs to be selected. In addition, by using the same agent over an extended period of drug-resistant strains is generated, which is contaminated by the seed, seed disinfection is disabled in the delivery of a risk.
Seeds for the granular and powdered products, in the same manner as the seeds and the heating sterilization and steam sterilization are mainly used. However, by sterilization, the color and taste the temperature and moisture, deterioration of the texture of the agricultural products such as a demerit that it is inevitable. In addition, the agricultural products from many dislike moisture, sterilization techniques can be used is limited. In addition, such products when a biocidal agent, the color and taste of drugs, in addition to the deterioration such as texture, resulting in remaining of the drug in the agricultural products. In addition, also the type of drug that can be used, which is approved for food additives is limited to those.
In such a situation, also to granular and powdered products, the safety and sterility can be achieved as the sterilization method, such as water the object directly and does not require the drug not wet sterilization using plasma has been desired to realize.
Such a granular and powdered agricultural products of a conventional plasma sterilization and the sterilization target devices may include, for example, circulate in the cyclone drier powder or particulate material, by the atmospheric plasma, thus modifying the sterile or low temperature (see Patent Document 1) is. In addition, the agricultural products may be different from that for the purpose of sterilization, the surface-modified particles (fine powder) for the purpose and method of the fine particles of, for example, the steps of providing a gas to the plasma processing apparatus, a plasma processing apparatus of said gas supply path to supply the particles, together with a flow of gas to the particles in the plasma processing apparatus comprises the steps of providing, in the plasma processing apparatus to the outlet of the feed paths of a pair of oppositely disposed between the electrodes, so as to surround the outlet causing the plasma is from fine particles (see Patent Document 2) processing method.
  • 出願人(英語)
  • ※2012年7月以前掲載分については米国以外のすべての指定国
  • SAGA UNIVERSITY
  • UNIVERSITY OF THE RYUKYUS
  • RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES, OSAKA PREFECTURE
  • 発明者(英語)
  • MISAWA Tatsuya
  • SAKUDO Akikazu
  • NAKAGAWA Terumi
  • TAKAI Yuichiro
  • MISHIMA Tomoko
国際特許分類(IPC)
指定国 National States: AE AG AL AM AO AT AU AZ BA BB BG BH BN BR BW BY BZ CA CH CL CN CO CR CU CZ DE DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG ES FI GB GD GE GH GM GT HN HR HU ID IL IN IR IS JP KE KG KN KP KR KZ LA LC LK LR LS LU LY MA MD ME MG MK MN MW MX MY MZ NA NG NI NO NZ OM PA PE PG PH PL PT QA RO RS RU RW SA SC SD SE SG SK SL SM ST SV SY TH TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN ZA ZM ZW
ARIPO: BW GH GM KE LR LS MW MZ NA RW SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW
EAPO: AM AZ BY KG KZ RU TJ TM
EPO: AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
OAPI: BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW KM ML MR NE SN ST TD TG
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