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COMPOSTING APPARATUS, COMPOSTING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

外国特許コード F170009121
整理番号 S2017-0224-N0
掲載日 2017年7月11日
出願国 世界知的所有権機関(WIPO)
国際出願番号 2017JP012706
国際公開番号 WO 2017170581
国際出願日 平成29年3月28日(2017.3.28)
国際公開日 平成29年10月5日(2017.10.5)
優先権データ
  • 特願2016-064969 (2016.3.29) JP
発明の名称 (英語) COMPOSTING APPARATUS, COMPOSTING METHOD, AND PROGRAM
発明の概要(英語) This composting apparatus (1) is provided with: an air delivery unit (20) for delivering air to a compost material (100); a temperature measurement unit (30) for measuring the temperature of the compost material (100); and a control unit (40) for controlling the air delivery unit (20) on the basis of the temperature of the compost material (100) so that air is intermittently delivered to the compost material (100). The control unit (40) may control the air delivery unit (20) so that a constant amount of air is delivered to the compost material (100). The temperature measurement unit (30) measures the temperature of the compost material (100) at fixed time intervals, and, on the basis of the temperature of the compost material (100), the control unit (40) may set, at fixed intervals, an activation period in which the air delivery unit (20) is activated and a deactivation period in which the air delivery unit (20) is deactivated.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. The air-supplied expedient which supplies air in the compost material and,
The thermometry expedient which measures the temperature of the aforementioned compost material and,
On the basis of the temperature of the aforementioned compost material, in order to supply air intermittently in the aforementioned compost material, the control means which control the aforementioned air-supplied expedient and,
The compost production device which it has.
[claim2]
2. The aforementioned control means, in order to the aforementioned compost material to supply air at the fixed air-flow rate, control the aforementioned air-supplied expedient,
In claim 1 compost production device of statement.
[claim3]
3. The aforementioned thermometry expedient measures the temperature of the aforementioned compost material in every fixed time,
The aforementioned control means set with the functioning time which operates the aforementioned air-supplied expedient every aforementioned fixed time on the basis of the temperature of the aforementioned compost material, and the dead time which makes the aforementioned air-supplied expedient stop,
Claim 1 or in 2 compost production device of statement.
[claim4]
4. As for the aforementioned control means,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is included in the 1st temperature range, the duty ratio which is the ratio which divides the aforementioned functioning time at the aforementioned fixed time is set to 1st duty ratio,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material the description above 1st 2nd it is high temperature is included in the temperature range from the temperature range, the aforementioned duty ratio is set to the 2nd duty ratio whose the description above 1st is larger than duty ratio,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material the description above 2nd 3rd it is high temperature is included in the temperature range from the temperature range, the aforementioned duty ratio is set to the 3rd duty ratio whose the description above 2nd is smaller than duty ratio,
In claim 3 compost production device of statement.
[claim5]
5. The aforementioned 1st temperature range is below the 50.deg.C,
The aforementioned 2nd temperature range is the 50-60.deg.C,
The aforementioned 3rd temperature range is above the 60.deg.C,
In claim 4 compost production device of statement.
[claim6]
6. As for the aforementioned control means,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is below the 25.deg.C, the duty ratio which is the ratio which divides the aforementioned functioning time at the aforementioned fixed time is set to zero,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is the 25-30.deg.C, the aforementioned duty ratio is set inside the range of approximately 1/6- approximately 1/2,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is the 30-40.deg.C, the aforementioned duty ratio is set inside the range of approximately 1/4- approximately 2/3,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is the 40-50.deg.C, the aforementioned duty ratio is set inside the range of approximately 1/3- approximately 2/3,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is the 50-60.deg.C, the aforementioned duty ratio is set inside the range of approximately 1/2- approximately 5/6,
When temperature of the aforementioned compost material is above the 60.deg.C, the aforementioned duty ratio approximately is set to 1/6,
In claim 3 compost production device of statement.
[claim7]
7. As for the aforementioned thermometry expedient,
The thermometer which measures the temperature of the aforementioned compost material and,
The transmission expedient which transmits the data regarding the temperature which the aforementioned thermometer measured to the aforementioned control means by the telecommunication line of the radio and,
It has,
From claim 1 either of 6 in 1 sections compost production device of statement.
[claim8]
8. As for the aforementioned control means,
The programmable logic controller where the control supervisor of the aforementioned air-supplied expedient is remembered and,
On the basis of the signal from the aforementioned programmable logic controller, the magne-switch which opens and closes the drive circuit which drives the aforementioned air-supplied expedient and,
It has,
From claim 1 either of 7 in 1 sections compost production device of statement.
[claim9]
9. The step which measures the temperature of the compost material and,
The step which decides the pattern of on off of air supplying to the aforementioned compost material on the basis of the temperature of the aforementioned compost material which was measured, and,
On the basis of the aforementioned pattern which is decided, to the aforementioned compost material the step which supplies air intermittently and,
The compost production method of including.
[claim10]
10. Computer,
The expedient which acquires the data regarding the temperature of the compost material,
On the basis of the temperature of the aforementioned compost material, the expedient which decides the pattern of on off of air supplying to the aforementioned compost material,
In order to supply air intermittently to the aforementioned compost material, on the basis of the aforementioned pattern which is decided, the expedient which controls air-supplied expedient,
That doing, functioning the program because it can point.
  • 出願人(英語)
  • ※2012年7月以前掲載分については米国以外のすべての指定国
  • OBIHIRO UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 発明者(英語)
  • MIYATAKE FUMIHITO
国際特許分類(IPC)
指定国 (WO2017170581)
National States: AE AG AL AM AO AT AU AZ BA BB BG BH BN BR BW BY BZ CA CH CL CN CO CR CU CZ DE DJ DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG ES FI GB GD GE GH GM GT HN HR HU ID IL IN IR IS JP KE KG KH KN KP KR KW KZ LA LC LK LR LS LU LY MA MD ME MG MK MN MW MX MY MZ NA NG NI NO NZ OM PA PE PG PH PL PT QA RO RS RU RW SA SC SD SE SG SK SL SM ST SV SY TH TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN ZA ZM ZW
ARIPO: BW GH GM KE LR LS MW MZ NA RW SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW
EAPO: AM AZ BY KG KZ RU TJ TM
EPO: AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
OAPI: BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW KM ML MR NE SN ST TD TG
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