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Planar patch clamp device and planar patch clamp system

Foreign code F170009188
File No. AF19-07WO
Posted date Sep 12, 2017
Country United States of America
Application number 201414915560
Gazette No. 20160209395
Gazette No. 9977009
Date of filing Aug 29, 2014
Gazette Date Jul 21, 2016
Gazette Date May 22, 2018
International application number JP2014072808
International publication number WO2015030201
Date of international filing Aug 29, 2014
Date of international publication Mar 5, 2015
Priority data
  • P2013-180684 (Aug 30, 2013) JP
  • 2014WO-JP72808 (Aug 29, 2014) WO
Title Planar patch clamp device and planar patch clamp system
Abstract (US9977009)
a second reservoir (6′) provided at the second surface side (2S′) of the electrical insulating substrate to be able to communicate with the through hole (3) and hold a second conductive liquid; a second electrode part (7′) arranged to be able to be electrically conductive with the second reservoir (6′) through the second conductive liquid; a supply path (8) connected to the second reservoir (6′) and supplying the second conductive liquid to the second reservoir; a discharge path (9) connected to the second reservoir and discharging the second conductive liquid from the second reservoir (6′); and a valve (10) provided in the supply path and/or discharge path, able to allow or stop the flow of the second conductive liquid, and also able to allow or stop electrical conduction between the second reservoir (6′) and the second electrode part (7′).
Scope of claims [claim1]
1. A planar patch clamp device comprising: a first reservoir able to hold a first conductive liquid;
a first electrode part arranged to be able to be electrically conductive with the first reservoir through the first conductive liquid;
a main supply path;
a main discharge path;
a shared electrode part provided in the main supply path or the main discharge path;
an electrical insulating substrate having a plurality of through holes that do not pass cells but are configured to pass liquid from the first reservoir provided at a first surface of the electrical insulating substrate to a second surface opposite the first surface, wherein each through hole is associated with: a second reservoir provided at the second surface of the electrical insulating substrate to be able to communicate with a respective through hole of the plurality of through holes and hold a second conductive liquid;
a branch supply path connected to the second reservoir and configured to supply the second conductive liquid to the second reservoir from the main supply path;
a branch discharge path connected to the second reservoir and configured to discharge the second conductive liquid from the second reservoir to the main discharge path; and
at least one nonconductive or insulating valve provided in the branch supply path and/or branch discharge path and disposed between the second reservoir and the shared electrode part, the at least one valve able to allow, when open, or stop, when closed, flow of the second conductive liquid and electrical conduction between the second reservoir and the shared electrode part,
wherein the shared electrode part is arranged to be able to share current with said first electrode part associated with the plurality of through holes.
[claim2]
2. The planar patch clamp device according to claim 1, wherein an electric resistance before and after at least one of the valves is 1 megaohm or more when in a closed configuration.
[claim3]
3. The planar patch clamp device according to claim 1, wherein the planar patch clamp device is a culture-type planar patch clamp device.
[claim4]
4. The planar patch clamp device according to claim 3, wherein an extracellular matrix-forming material is deposited at a rim of at least one through hole on the first surface of the substrate.
[claim5]
5. A planar patch clamp system, comprising: the planar patch clamp device according to claim 1;
a control part controlling opening and closing of at least one valve of said planar patch clamp device; and
an electrical detecting part configured for detecting an electrical signal at the first electrode part or the shared electrode part of said planar patch clamp device.
[claim6]
6. The planar patch clamp system according to claim 5, further comprising an optical detecting part for detecting an optical signal derived from a cell arranged on said planar patch clamp device.
[claim7]
7. The planar patch clamp device according to claim 1, wherein the at least one nonconductive or insulating valve comprises a micropath formed by an elastic material, a movable valve adjoining the micropath, and a drive system able to drive the movable valve.
[claim8]
8. The planar patch clamp device according to claim 1, wherein the first electrode part or the shared electrode part is a salt bridge type electrode comprising an electrode container filled with a KCl saturated solution, in which an Ag/AgCl electrode is placed, wherein a tip of the electrode container is made of inorganic porous material that is in contact with the first or second conductive liquid.
[claim9]
9. The planar patch clamp device according to claim 1, wherein the at least one nonconductive or insulating valve comprises at least one nonconductive or insulating valve in the branch supply path and at least one nonconductive or insulating valve in the branch discharge path.
  • Inventor, and Inventor/Applicant
  • URISU TSUNEO
  • WANG ZHI-HONG
  • UNO HIDETAKA
  • NAGAOKA YASUTAKA
  • KOBAYASHI KEI
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
IPC(International Patent Classification)
Reference ( R and D project ) CREST Creation of Nanosystems with Novel Functions through Process Integration AREA
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