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SOIL ANALYZING DEVICE AND SOIL ANALYZING METHOD NEW

外国特許コード F180009319
整理番号 (S2016-0875-N0)
掲載日 2018年1月24日
出願国 世界知的所有権機関(WIPO)
国際出願番号 2017JP022568
国際公開番号 WO 2017221901
国際出願日 平成29年6月19日(2017.6.19)
国際公開日 平成29年12月28日(2017.12.28)
優先権データ
  • 特願2016-121860 (2016.6.20) JP
発明の名称 (英語) SOIL ANALYZING DEVICE AND SOIL ANALYZING METHOD NEW
発明の概要(英語) [Problem] To provide a soil analyzing device and a soil analyzing method capable of accurately obtaining a cation exchange capacity (CEC) which serves as an indicator for evaluating the fertility of soil. [Solution] This soil analyzing device is provided with: a sensor 10 including an exciting coil 11 and a detecting coil 12; a measuring unit 20 which, in order to apply an alternating magnetic field to soil being analyzed, generates, for each frequency, an excitation signal to be input into the exciting coil 11, and processes a detected signal that is output from the detecting coil 12 upon application of the alternating magnetic field to the soil being analyzed; a storage unit 33 which, in relation to a plurality of soils having different components, stores data related to a correlation between a quantitative value of a soil fertility characteristic including the CEC, and an estimated value of the soil fertility characteristic including the CEC, obtained from a processed detection signal measured using the sensor 10 and the measuring unit 20; and an estimating unit 34 which, on the basis of the detection signal obtained by using the sensor 10 to apply the alternating magnetic field to the soil being analyzed, and subjecting the resulting signal to processing using the measuring unit 20, uses the data stored in the storage unit 33 to estimate the soil fertility characteristic, including the CEC, of the soil being analyzed.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. And a sensor having a coil, the alternating magnetic field to be analyzed in order to apply the soil, wherein the input coil and the excitation signal generated for each frequency, the alternating magnetic field is applied to the soil to be analyzed by said coil by processing the detection signal output from the measuring unit, with respect to a plurality of different components of the soil, comprising a quantitative value of the trait CEC(Cation Exchange Capacity) soil fertility and the sensor and the measurement unit measures the detection signal after the processing which is obtained from the estimated value of the trait CEC containing soil fertility data regarding the correlation of a storage unit that stores, with respect to the soil to be analyzed by the alternating magnetic field is applied to the sensor by using the measurement unit measures the signal on the basis of the detection processing, in the storage unit by using the data stored in the storage, in the analysis target soil fertility CEC soils including an estimator to estimate the trait, comprising, soil analysis device.
[claim2]
2. The estimation unit, the measurement unit measures the processed detected signals output from itself, and the ratio of the amplitude of the excitation signal and the detection signal of the phase difference between the one or a plurality of items to be analyzed by a CEC containing soil fertility of the soil is transformed based on the item having a correlation with, in the analysis target containing soil fertility CEC soils estimated trait, soil analysis apparatus according to claim 1.
[claim3]
3. Wherein the estimating unit, the measurement unit measures the processed detected signals output from itself, and the excitation signal and the detection signal of the phase difference and amplitude ratio of the value of the one or more items as well as with respect to the frequency of the item to a primary differential value, the value of the second derivative of either or both based on the at least one of, in the analysis target CEC containing soil fertility of the soil in order to estimate the trait of the extracted item, soil analysis apparatus according to claim 1.
[claim4]
4. The estimation unit, wherein the detection signal from the complex amplitude of the excitation signal to obtain a ratio, a memory unit that stores a plurality of different soil and soil fertility in a quantitative value of the trait of the complex amplitude detection signal corresponding to the regression analysis of the ratio between vanadium and soil fertility regression according to the equation based on the estimated trait, soil analysis apparatus according to claim 1.
[claim5]
5. Wherein the complex ratio of the amplitude value of the absolute amplitude ratio and phase difference or the real part and imaginary part is represented by a, the above-mentioned regression formula may be an absolute amplitude ratio and phase difference or the real part and imaginary part of an independent variable may respectively, according to claim 4 soil analysis device.
[claim6]
6. The estimation unit, with respect to a plurality of different components of the soil, soil fertility CEC including a quantitative value of the trait of the alternating magnetic field is applied to said sensor by using the measurement unit measures and the signal from the detection processing, wherein PLS(Partial Least Squares) regression analysis to generate the data stored in the storing unit, according to claim 1 soil analysis device.
[claim7]
7. And a sensor having a coil, the alternating magnetic field to be analyzed in order to apply the soil, wherein the input coil and the excitation signal generated for each frequency, the alternating magnetic field is applied to the soil to be analyzed by said coil by processing the detection signal output from the measurement unit, as the analysis subject with excitation light to the soil of the light emitting part and, wherein the light irradiation unit to be analyzed by the irradiation of the measurement of fluorescence from the soil light measuring unit, with respect to a plurality of different components of the soil, soil fertility CEC comprising a quantitative value of the transformed and, using the sensor and the measurement unit measures a measured processing the detection signals after the light irradiation unit and said optical measurement unit and measured using a fluorescence spectrum containing soil fertility CEC data obtained from the estimated value of the trait, a storage unit that stores data relating to the correlation, soil analyzed by the sensor with respect to the alternating electric field is applied to the measurement unit measures a processing by using the detection signal and the excitation light emitted by the light emitting unit is irradiated by said light measurement unit measuring the fluorescence spectrum based on the data, stored in the storage unit using the data, in the analysis target CEC containing soil fertility soils and an estimator to estimate a trait, comprising, soil analysis device.
[claim8]
8. The estimation unit, the measurement unit measures the processed detected signals output from itself, the excitation signal and the detection signal of the phase difference and amplitude ratio of the one or more of the items to be analyzed by a CEC containing soil fertility of the soil is transformed based on the item having a correlation, and, as measured at the measurement light of a fluorescence spectrum data, the analysis target containing soil fertility CEC soils based on data having a correlation with a trait, soil fertility of the soil analyzed to estimate the trait, according to claim 7 soil analysis device.
[claim9]
9. Wherein the estimating unit, the measurement unit measures the processed detected signals output from itself, and the excitation signal and the detection signal of the phase difference and amplitude ratio of the value of the one or more items as well as with respect to the frequency of the item to a primary differential value, the value of the second derivative of either or both based on the at least one of, in the analysis target containing soil fertility CEC soils in order to estimate the trait of extracting an item of, wherein the optical measuring unit output from the fluorescence spectrum for the frequency of the data value of the first derivative, second derivative value based on either or both, in the analysis target soil fertility CEC soils including a fluorescence spectrum in order to estimate the trait of the extracted data, according to claim 7 soil analysis device.
[claim10]
10. The estimation unit, with respect to a plurality of different components of the soil, soil fertility trait and a quantitative value of the CEC, the alternating magnetic field is applied to the sensor by using the measurement unit measures the detection signal and information processing, wherein the excitation light emitted by the light emitting unit is irradiated, the light measuring portion from the spectrum data of the fluorescence, wherein the PLS regression analysis to generate the data stored in the storage unit, soil analysis apparatus according to claim 7.
[claim11]
11. An excitation signal for each frequency of any generated, with respect to the soil to be analyzed by the alternating magnetic field and the step of irradiating, through the soil from the detection signal by the magnetic field, said excitation signal and a step of obtaining the complex amplitude ratio, previously stored, including a plurality of different in soil and soil fertility Weisberg CEC a quantitative value of the complex amplitude of the detected signal corresponding to the ratio between the regression equation based on the regression analysis by, soil fertility including CEC comprises determining an estimate of the transformation, soil analysis method.
[claim12]
12. Wherein the ratio of the complex amplitude, absolute amplitude ratio and phase difference or the real part and imaginary part is represented by a, the above-mentioned regression formula may be an absolute amplitude ratio and phase difference or the real part and imaginary part of an independent variable may respectively, soil analysis method according to claim 11.
[claim13]
13. Said regression equation, a plurality of different component with respect to the soil, soil fertility Weisberg CEC comprising a quantitative value of the soil and transmitted from the detection signal due to the magnetic field, generated by the PLS regression analysis, soil analysis method according to claim 11 or 12.
  • 出願人(英語)
  • ※2012年7月以前掲載分については米国以外のすべての指定国
  • KOMATSU SEIKI KOSAKUSHO CO., LTD.
  • NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION SHINSHU UNIVERSITY
  • 発明者(英語)
  • KOMATSU TAKAFUMI
  • MISAWA TSUNAKI
  • INOUE NAOTO
  • MOMOSAKI EISHI
  • ORII KOJI
国際特許分類(IPC)
指定国 (WO2017221901)
National States: AE AG AL AM AO AT AU AZ BA BB BG BH BN BR BW BY BZ CA CH CL CN CO CR CU CZ DE DJ DK DM DO DZ EC EE EG ES FI GB GD GE GH GM GT HN HR HU ID IL IN IR IS JO JP KE KG KH KN KP KR KW KZ LA LC LK LR LS LU LY MA MD ME MG MK MN MW MX MY MZ NA NG NI NO NZ OM PA PE PG PH PL PT QA RO RS RU RW SA SC SD SE SG SK SL SM ST SV SY TH TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN ZA ZM ZW
ARIPO: BW GH GM KE LR LS MW MZ NA RW SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW
EAPO: AM AZ BY KG KZ RU TJ TM
EPO: AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
OAPI: BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW KM ML MR NE SN ST TD TG
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