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Calorimeter and method for designing calorimeter UPDATE 新技術説明会

外国特許コード F180009428
整理番号 外0108-1
掲載日 2018年6月28日
出願国 アメリカ合衆国
出願番号 201314420094
公報番号 20150219574
公報番号 9846089
出願日 平成25年8月7日(2013.8.7)
公報発行日 平成27年8月6日(2015.8.6)
公報発行日 平成29年12月19日(2017.12.19)
国際出願番号 JP2013071437
国際公開番号 WO2014024945
国際出願日 平成25年8月7日(2013.8.7)
国際公開日 平成26年2月13日(2014.2.13)
優先権データ
  • 特願2012-174754 (2012.8.7) JP
  • 2013WO-JP71437 (2013.8.7) WO
発明の名称 (英語) Calorimeter and method for designing calorimeter UPDATE 新技術説明会
発明の概要(英語) (US9846089)
There is provided a calorimeter.
Heat flows in and out of the sample via a thermoelectric module.
The thermoelectric module is so constituted that a pair of a P-type thermoelectric element and an N-type thermoelectric element is disposed between substrates, and the pair of the thermoelectric elements are connected in n pairs so that the P-type thermoelectric elements and the N-type thermoelectric element are arranged alternately in π-shape; a calorimetric sensitivity of the thermoelectric module of a thermal conductance surrounding thermoelectric module and a thermal conductance between substrates of the thermoelectric modules and a noise based on an electric resistance of the thermoelectric module depend on an L/A ratio of the thermoelectric element constituting the thermoelectric module and the number n of the pairs of the thermoelectric elements, where the L/A ratio is 6 mm-1 or more, and the number n of the pairs is 4 or more.
特許請求の範囲(英語) [claim1]
1. A calorimeter, comprising: a thermoelectric module in a temperature-controlled thermal bath, the calorimeter being configured such that heat can flow into and out of a sample via the thermoelectric module, the thermoelectric module comprising a pair of a P-type thermoelectric element and an N-type thermoelectric element disposed between substrates, the pair of the P-type thermoelectric element and the N-type thermoelectric element being connected in n pairs so that the P-type thermoelectric element and the N-type thermoelectric element are arranged alternately in a pi -shape; and
a chopper-type amplifier connected to the thermoelectric module through lead wires,
wherein a voltage is taken out according to the heat flow going in and out of the sample at a time of endothermic or exothermic process, at a predetermined position of the thermoelectric module,
wherein the calorimeter is configured to take out a thermoelectromotive force which includes a noise based on an electric resistance of the thermoelectric module and is generated at the thermoelectric module by the heat flow going in and out of the sample, and amplify the thermoelectromotive force with the chopper-type amplifier connected to the thermoelectric module through the lead wires, and
wherein an L/A ratio (L: length and A: cross-sectional area) of the thermoelectric element constituting the thermoelectric module and the number n of the pairs of the thermoelectric elements is set so that: the L/A ratio is 6 mm-1 or more;
the number n of the pairs is in a range of 4 or more;
a relationship between a thermal conductance KM between the substrates of the thermoelectric module which depends on the L/A ratio and the number n of the pairs, and a thermal conductance KA due to conduction, convection, and thermal radiation depending on a correlation of the thermal bath and the thermoelectric module, is KM >= KA; and
a relationship of xRM >= RA-RW is established among an electric resistance RM of the thermoelectric module, the number x of the thermoelectric modules, an equivalent noise resistance RA of the chopper-type amplifier, and a resistance RW of the lead wire.
[claim2]
2. The calorimeter according to claim 1, wherein the L/A ratio and the number n of the pairs are selected so that a heat flow resolution (noise/calorimetric sensitivity) is within 50 times to 10 times of a saturation value when the L/A ratio is varied under a predetermined number n of the pairs.
[claim3]
3. The calorimeter according to claim 1, wherein the L/A ratio and the number n of the pairs are selected so that a heat flow resolution (noise/calorimetric sensitivity) is 10 nW or less.
[claim4]
4. The calorimeter according to claim 1, wherein the L/A ratio and the number n of the pairs are selected so that a heat flow resolution (noise/calorimetric sensitivity) is 5 nW or less.
[claim5]
5. The calorimeter according to claim 1, wherein the L/A ratio and the number n of the pairs are selected so that a heat flow resolution (noise/calorimetric sensitivity) is 1 nW or less.
  • 発明者/出願人(英語)
  • YAO HARUHIKO
  • KYOTO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
国際特許分類(IPC)
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