外国特許コード F190009938
整理番号 S2019-0504-N0,(S2018-0222-N0)
掲載日 2019年10月24日
出願国 世界知的所有権機関(WIPO)
国際出願番号 2018JP047049
国際公開番号 WO 2019124509
国際出願日 平成30年12月20日(2018.12.20)
国際公開日 令和元年6月27日(2019.6.27)
  • 特願2017-244763 (2017.12.21) JP
発明の概要(英語) The purpose of the present invention is to provide a novel low-molecular-weight molecule that has anti-HIV activity. The purpose of the present invention is also to provide a novel anti-HIV drug that targets the HIV-1 capsid. The present invention provides novel compounds that are represented by formula (I) and have anti-HIV activity. [In the formula, X represents C or N, R1 represents a halogen, a hydroxyl, a nitro, a methyl, an ethyl, a methoxy, a halogenated methyl, or an amino, R2 represents a hydrogen or a phenyl, R3 represents a hydrogen or a methyl, R4 represents a hydrogen or a hydroxyl, R5 represents a hydrogen, a halogenated methyl, or an acetyl, R6 represents a hydrogen or a halogen, R7 represents a hydrogen, a methyl, or a halogenated methyl, R8 represents a hydrogen or a fluorine when X is C, and n is 1 or 2. When R1 is a hydroxyl, R4 is a hydroxyl.]
従来技術、競合技術の概要(英語) BACKGROUND ART
HIV a spherical shape with a diameter of about 120nm of the particles, (gp120, gp41) viral glycoproteins Env is planted in the lipid bilayer membrane derived from the host cell from the envelope, the envelope of the viral proteins Gag lining (MA) which is one of the group matrix protein, also inside the capsid proteins Gag (CA) is one of a circular truncated cone shape made of the presence of the core. (NC) the nucleocapsid protein to the inside of the core surrounded by the couple of single-stranded RNA are positive and the presence of viral genome.
HIV (AIDS) is caused by an autoimmune disease. Genetically different from one type of 2 HIV, AIDS and HIV-1 is a so-called isolated from a patient HIV-2 respectively. HIV-1 is, a world-wide distribution general type and, on the other hand, in a West African HIV-2 is mainly caused in AIDS.
HIV is retroviral and, as a number of viruses, viral HIV infection cycle (of the individual) in the form of a particle to the infection. HIV-1 virions spherical, a high electron density of the first core and the cone, which is derived from a host cell membrane lipid envelope wrapped around. The major (1) capsid the virus (CA) p24 (NC) p7/p9, (2) nucleocapsid protein, (3) RNA 2 copies of the genome, and (4) one of the viral enzyme 3 (protease (PR), (RT) reverse transcriptase, integrase) containing. Matrix protein the virus, are covered with a so-called p17, which is located on the lower side of the viral envelope. Is one of the viral envelope glycoprotein 2, gp120 and gp41 are attached.
HIV viral genome of the gag, pol, and env genes with, a variety of these encoding a viral protein. Gag and pol gene products of the first, large precursors are translated into protein, the protein, is cleaved by the protease of the virus, to produce the mature protein.
CA first, the Gag 55kDa polyprotein precursors are combined as an area in the. Gag about 4,000 copies of the collected plasma membrane, such as premature budding to form a viral particle. After sowing, Gag is cleaved by proteolysis and free CA, which is triggered by a three-dimensional structure is changed, this change in the construction of the particles is promoted the capsid. 2 Copies of the viral genome and infectivity of the enzyme is essential, within the capsid of mature virions included in the center of the cone.
Existing anti-HIV-1 agent is, on the side of a main virus reverse transcriptase enzyme, a protease, integrase is developed as a target, such as medical treatment for a long time (life time) due to the appearance of drug resistant strains in question to be the most involved with. Therefore, the receiver is quite different from the current therapeutic agent for inhibiting the growth of the HIV-1 overdraw a new therapy is an urgent need for development of, in the structure of the HIV-1 form factor Gag protein group (HIV-1 thickness of the outermost layer to form a matrix proteins, virus is HIV-1 gene to wrap the capsid proteins, viral genes such as acting as a chaperone the nucleocapsid protein) inhibition, virology, pharmaceutical discovery is attractive to the target, for the HIV-1 Gag protein inhibitor has not reached yet the clinical application.
Of several recent studies, construction of an appropriate virus capsid infectivity is shown a very important role. Construction variant is lethal and the inhibiting of CA, CA to alter the stability of the mutated to significantly attenuated replication. In addition, stored in the CA is very area (non-patent document 1: V. Novitsky, et al., J Virol, 2002, 76: 5435-51, HIV Sequence Compendium 2014, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA). Therefore, the target of interest as a promising anti-virus CA are collected. HIV-1 CA as an inhibitor, has been reported some embodiments. (PA-457) is Bevirimat, p2 between the CA and finally by protease inhibiting cleavage CA as maturation inhibitors have been reported (Non-Patent Document 2: F. Li, et al. PNAS vol. 100, No. 23, pp.13555-13560, 2003). Capsid assembly (CAI) is an inhibitor, on the side of the terminal C of the CA to 12-mer peptide and, the virus from the infected cells to develop the effect of suppressing (Non-Patent Document 3: Jana Sticht, et. al., Nat Struct Mol Biol, pp. 671-677, 2005). {2-[ ({5-[ (Dimethylamino) -methyl]-2-furyl} -methyl) -sulfanyl]ethyl} N-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl) -N'- (CAP-1) is urea, N of the CA is attached to the end compound (Non-Patent Document 4: Chun Tang, et al., J Mol Biol, vol. 327, pp. 1013-1020, 2003). PF-3450074 is, a large amount of excess to accelerate the stabilization of CA, CA and to inhibit the function of the normal have been reported (Non-Patent Document 5: Wada S. Blair, PLoS Pathog, vol., 6, Issue 12, e1001220, 2010).
  • 出願人(英語)
  • ※2012年7月以前掲載分については米国以外のすべての指定国
  • 発明者(英語)
  • AMANO, Masayuki
  • NAKAMURA, Tomofumi
  • SUGIURA, Masaharu